With the innovation of advanced technologies and a fast-moving lifestyle, it has become normal today for couples to have children when they are mentally willing and committed to parenting. However, it is undeniable that most couples face difficulties in conceiving in the later stages of life due to increasing fertility problems.
As a result, assisted reproduction techniques, including egg freezing, have proven to be life-saving for couples, especially women who want to conceive in the later stages of their lives. Medically known as cryopreservation of mature oocytes, it is a method that involves saving a woman’s ability to become pregnant in the future. In this method, unfertilized eggs are collected from the ovaries and frozen for later use, where they can be combined with sperm and implanted manually in the uterus, said Dr. Swati Mishra, Birla’s consultant. Fertility and IVF.
Who can benefit?
“Freezing eggs is a reliable option for women who are not yet ready to get pregnant and want to conceive at the age of thirty. One of the most significant advantages of this technique is that it is a multi-step process and does not require sperm from the donor, and can be fertilized at the time of conception, “said Dr. Mishra.
Before opting for this method, it is crucial to understand when a woman can use this option. This includes:
In case of infertility: most couples cannot conceive due to various factors that can cause fertility problems, including any disease such as lupus, sickle cell anemia or PCOD.
In case of cancer treatment: Cancer treatment leaves a significant impact on the body, weakening different organs. Certain medications and therapies such as chemotherapy can emit harmful radiation that can affect fertility.
During IVF: In vitro fertilization is another method that involves fertilizing eggs with sperm in vitro. Depending on the case, doctors may even suggest freezing eggs to women as required.
Delayed Pregnancy: Some couples want to delay pregnancy and keep young eggs safe for their future pregnancy.
Physical problems: In some cases of infections, organ failure or other physical problems such as endometriosis (which is a condition in which tissues grow outside the uterus blocking the fallopian tube), there are chances of damage the quality of the eggs.
What is the procedure?
Prior to egg freezing, patients should undergo screening procedures to identify any signs of infection that may complicate the process. Once done, the process is carried out and the patient is closely monitored at every step. Freezing eggs involves multiple procedures, but can be divided into three major parts. This includes:
Ovarian stimulation: In this process, synthetic hormones are injected into patients to stimulate the ovaries and produce multiple eggs instead of a single one. To prevent the possibility of premature ovulation, other drugs are also injected into the patient. Then, to measure the response and monitor the development of the follicles (fluid-filled sacs where the eggs mature), blood tests and vaginal ultrasound are also done. The follicles usually take 12 to 14 days to develop inside the ovaries.
Egg Recovery: This process is performed under sedation, in which an ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina to identify the follicles. A suction device connected to a needle is used to remove the egg from the follicle, and this process can take up to 10-15 cycles to ensure that enough eggs are collected.
Freezing: Once the unfertilized eggs are collected, they are frozen at sub-zero temperatures to preserve them for future use. One of the most common processes of egg freezing is called vitrification. High concentrations of substances are used to prevent the formation of ice crystals during the freezing process.
What are the factors that affect the freezing of eggs?
Before opting for egg freezing methods, it is also important to understand that several factors can affect the success or failure of egg freezing. This includes:
Age: Young women have been shown to produce more ous fertile who are more likely to fertilize in the future.
Sperm Quality: To have a healthy and successful pregnancy, it is important to remember that sperm quality is more likely to affect your success rate. A healthy sperm is more likely to produce a healthy embryo.
Proper Clinic: In addition to this, the success rate of clinical procedures also plays a vital role in determining the success of the egg freezing method.
Number of eggs: The number of eggs increases the chances of pregnancy. A higher number of eggs also guarantees more opportunities for conception in the future.
What is the scope of egg freezing for menopausal women?
While egg freezing is a growing trend for women who do not want to become pregnant at the age of 20 or 30, it is also important to note that most women enter menopause (a stage that follows in the end). menstrual cycles) in the late 40s or 40s. early 50s. Therefore, in the years before menopause, women fertility decreases, and conceiving becomes problematic in recent years compared to younger women. Thus, while egg freezing offers an option for getting pregnant in recent years, it is essential to understand that fresh eggs will always be more likely to get pregnant than frozen ones.