Corruption rate: India cleans cleaner South Asia, Pakistan falls sharply News from India

Corruption rate: India cleans cleaner South Asia, Pakistan falls sharply  News from India

Transparency International’s 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks India 85th on a list of 180 countries, one position above last year’s.
In a decade, little has changed in India’s perceived corruption. The latest Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index for 2021, released on Tuesday, said India was among 86% of the 180 countries covered by the index, which have advanced little or nothing since 2012.

Leading this year’s index are Denmark, Finland and New Zealand, all tied at 88. With a score of 40, India ranks 85th. His rank is a significant jump from the 94th place he occupied in 2012, but the score is only a small improvement over the 36th he had then. Compared to his neighbors, however, he does much better.

But the stalemate is worrisome, the report said, listing India as a “country to watch out for.” “There are concerns about the country’s democratic status, as fundamental freedoms and institutional balances are declining. “Journalists and activists are especially at risk and have been attacked by police, political activists, criminal gangs and corrupt local officials,” the report said. “Civil society organizations that speak out against government have been attacked on charges of security, defamation, sedition, hate speech and contempt of court, and with regulations on foreign funding. ”
The Corruption Perceptions Index is based on sources such as Freedom House and the World Bank, and surveys based on questionnaires answered by experts and business people. “Corruption” includes bribery, misappropriation of public funds, use of public office for private gain without consequences, government control of corruption in the public sector, bureaucracy, nepotist appointments, laws for the disclosure of the finances of civil servants and conflicts of interest, legal. protection of whistleblowers, capture of the state by vested interests and access to information on government activities. Data sources are then standardized to rank countries on a scale of zero (very corrupt) to 100 (very clean) each year.

In the Asia Pacific region, according to the report, the average score remains at 45 for the third year in a row. More than 70 percent of the region’s countries are below 50. human rights, “the report said. In South Asia, Sri Lanka is the only country with a lower score than in 2012. Other neighboring countries in India, although still with a low score, have not seen any change or improvement. minimums.
“People in Asia Pacific have led mass movements calling for action against corruption, but little has changed in the last 10 years. Instead, populist and autocratic leaders are co-opting anti-corruption messages to stay in power and restrict freedoms. civilians to prevent people from taking to the streets, “said Ilham Mohamed, Asia’s regional councilor for Transparency International, in a statement accompanying the report.
The pandemic, the report adds, offered an excuse to the governments of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Singapore to “strengthen control and weaken accountability.”

Over the past decade, smaller countries such as Seychelles and Armenia have made the greatest strides in reducing levels of corruption. Among the largest economies, only Italy, China, Austria, the United Kingdom and Argentina have improved their scores. The report noted the decline of “advanced economies” such as Australia (85 to 73), Canada (84 to 74) and the United States (73 to 67) over the past 10 years. In all, 27 countries fell to record lows in 2021. Daniel Eriksson, CEO of Transparency International, said: “It is the power of teachers, shopkeepers, students and ordinary people in all fields will ultimately be held accountable “.



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